Category - Networking

What is Networking?

A computer network is a digital telecommunications network which allows nodes to share resources. In computer networks, computing devices exchange data with each other using connections between nodes. These data links are established over cable media such as wires or optic cables, or wireless media such as Wi-Fi.

A network consists of two or more computers that are linked in order to share resources, exchange files, or allow electronic communications. The computers on a network may be linked through cables, telephone lines, radio waves, satellites, or infrared light beams. There are usually said to be three categories of such networks: LAN, or local area network; MAN, or metropolitan area network; and WAN, or wide area network.

A network is a collection of computers, servers, mainframes, network devices, peripherals, or other devices connected to one another to allow the sharing of data. An excellent example of a network is the Internet, which connects millions of people all over the world via networking.

The mapping of a LAN design is called Topology. There are four categories: Star topology, Bus topology, Ring topology and Mesh topology. Hybrid combinations of these topologies also exist. Star topology – all computers and devices are connected to a main hub or switch.

Basics of Computer Networking

Open system:
A system which is connected to the network and is ready for communication.

Closed system:
A system which is not connected to the network and can’t be communicated with.

Computer Network:
It is the interconnection of multiple devices, generally termed as Hosts connected using multiple paths for the purpose of sending/receiving data or media.

LAN and WAN

The Difference Between LAN & WAN in Wireless Routers

To understand the role of a wireless router, it's important to know the difference between a local area network and a wide area network. Simply stated, when you connect to a wireless router with a computer or smartphone, it becomes part of the LAN. Everything outside of this LAN -- basically the entire Internet -- is the WAN.
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